ln short, montage is a video image editing and manipulation process, it is a process of making meaning by putting together meaningless parts. In addition, we have the opportunity to add special effects to the video images we process.
When we look at its historical development, fiction types are divided into linear and non-linear, but the first of these is almost never used today.
Non-linear editing is called digital editing; all you need for this is a speaker, headphones, a computer and video editing software of your choice.
Today, there are 3-4 commonly used software for video editing. The most preferred ones are:
- Final Cut
- Maker & iMovie
Basic Film Editing Rules
1- Emotion; This is important what kind of a feeling the montages made in the movie and the video create in the audience.
2- Story; Does your editing make the scene or movie move in line with the story? Every time you change or interrupt the plot, does it keep the movie, the story going? So, do the cuts you make make sense? These are the first questions you should ask.
3- Rhythm; One of the most important issues in assembly is the planning time. As in music, rhythm is very important in editing. The length of the shots depends on the emotion you want to convey, the shooting technique and audience thinking.
4- Eye-Trace; Does the cut you make provide continuity in the eyes of the viewer within the movement and space? The question is one of the things to be considered while mounting.
5- 2D Structure of the Screen; While assembling, it is necessary to follow the 180 degree rule. That is, the axle should not be skipped when changing plans.
6- 3D Structure of Action; You can break the 180-degree rule to sometimes mislead the audience, confuse them, and play with their perceptions. This is an exceptional case. The 3D structure of the action also tells about expressing the action to the audience within the camera movement.