A tracking shot or zoom which follows the subject as it moves in other words a follow shot is a particular camera angle at which the filmed subject appears to be followed by the camera, for example, by a Steadicam.
Follow-up shooting can be accomplished through tracking devices, panning, use of cranes, and zoom lenses that provide different qualitative images but still record an object (performer) in motion.
It can be done by rail or by hand, such as dolly in/out.
This type of shot is divided into three;
- Lateral tracking shot
- Forward tracking shots
How To Plan and Shoot Follow Shot?
Planning the follow-up shots requires a camera and a script, but to make them work well you'll want to add some sort of camera stabilizer and then create a blueprint for the visuals that will emerge.
You should take note of Eyeprint and The Rule of Third;
Another important point is where you direct the viewer's attention. The rule of thirds divides your frame into three equal parts, both vertically and horizontally, creating four middle corners. If you place images in any of these corners, you greatly improve the composition of the shot and the likelihood that the viewer will easily notice everything you hope to show on stage.
Create your Shooting List;
While your follow-up shot will be considered a single shot, it will often not be a collection of shots taken during a single take. Think of shots that start in close-up and end in an extreme wide shot, or even a simple medium shot. Knowing this, you can plan each of your important hits with both a shot list and a detailed storyboard .After that, you'll want to block the scene, and in doing so you have to consider the background and foreground to complicate your shot or inform it with the surrounding images.
You should plan your Camera Movement;
You have to consider your camera when doing the blocking, but once you have it, you need to solidify your camera movement decisions.
Some of these include the speed of your camera, the stability of your camera, and the shooting time in general.
You'll also need to consider your film equipment, and while you can't get a crane shot, that doesn't mean you can't find a clever way to get good, smooth footage.
You should also take a look at these articles to guide you about shhoting;